Complete Buildings, External Envelope, Structural Fittings, Building Products & Materials
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  • Introduction to wall and parapet copings
    Copings and cappings perform dual functions: they provide a neat finish to the top of a wall, and are also designed with protective overhangs or drip grooves that lead rainwater away from the substructure. Often referred to as coping stones, they are traditionally made from natural or cast stone, but are also available in precast concrete, GRP...
    Guidance, 06 December 2012
  • Introduction to turnstiles and barriers
    Pedestrian turnstiles and barriers help control access in busy public environments, such as at concert venues and football stadiums, as well as in transport terminals like railway, bus and underground stations. They can also perform functions like checking or issuing tickets and tokens, counting the numbers of people passing through, or...
    Guidance, 06 December 2012
  • Introduction to anti-graffiti paints and coatings
    Anti-graffiti paints and coatings have been developed to protect buildings and property from vandalism. Permanent anti-graffiti coatings create a surface that spray paint cannot bond to, enable the offending graffiti to be easily washed off. The graffiti is removed manually with solvents, but the permanent coating and substrate will remain...
    Guidance, 06 December 2012
  • Introduction to cavity trays
    Cavity trays, closers and spacers are used in the damp-proofing of buildings, preventing rainwater and damp from penetrating cavity walls around windows, roofs, floors, lintels, stepped gable abutments, service apertures and parapets. Commonly formed as a one-piece, angled length of rigid plastic, cavity trays span the inner and outer cavity wall...
    Guidance, 07 December 2012
  • Introduction to building blocks
    Blockwork forms part of a building’s structure and contributes to its thermal mass. This means it helps the building store, contain and subsequently release heat – an important part of energy efficiency. Walling and flooring blocks can be made from natural materials like clay and straw, from traditional concrete, or from aerated concrete...
    Guidance, 07 December 2012
  • Introduction to porticos
    Porticos provide shelter from the weather at door entrances. Historically, they have also been used to lend an imposing appearance to the facades of temples, basilicas, country houses and stately homes. Traditionally, porticos have open sides and a roof supported by two or more columns. With a higher number of columns and a wider area of coverage...
    Guidance, 06 December 2012
  • Introduction to balustrades
    The word balustrades, according to the OED, originates from the Italian ‘balaustra’, or pomegranate flower. This is because each baluster would, originally, resemble the vase-like shape of the half-open flower. Natural and cast stone balustrades in these shapes are still used to surround grand staircases, balconies and patios. Modern balustrade...
    Guidance, 06 December 2012
  • Introduction to drywall accessories
    A wide choice of drywall accessories is available to assist in the construction of drywall partitions. Drywall was originally invented in 1894 as sackett board, and has since evolved in composition and form, becoming known as gypsum board, gyproc or plasterboard. It can be used to quickly create cost-efficient interior walls and ceilings...
    Guidance, 10 December 2012
  • Introduction to floor gratings and planks
    Floor gratings and planks are used to create walkways, stairways, wheelchair ramps, fire escapes, gantry platforms and drainage channels. They are typically manufactured from durable materials such as galvanised steel, aluminum, carbon steel, GRP and stainless steel. Perforated planks are especially suitable for use on oil rigs, and in factories...
    Guidance, 06 December 2012
  • Introduction to portable buildings
    Relocatable buildings can be used for any number of applications, such as site offices, temporary classrooms, portable loos for events, weighbridge and toll station cabins, building site accommodation, and sportsground changing rooms. Early versions such buildings include the Nissen and Quonset huts, extensively produced during the First and...
    Guidance, 10 December 2012
  • Introduction to fire resistant doors
    Fire protection doorsets are installed in commercial, industrial and public buildings to help prevent the spread of fire, ensure safe escape routes, and limit the damage caused by smoke and heat. The stability and integrity of fire-rated doors are tested to BS 476-22 and BS EN 1634-1. The tests are made on complete door assemblies – including...
    Guidance, 10 December 2012
  • Introduction to bricks
    Bricks have been used in construction for so long that they have become synonymous with solid, dependable buildings. From the 3000 BC Zhou dynasty to the Three Little Pigs, bricks have held a firm place in our built environment, our idioms and our storytelling. Whilst ancient Roman legions brought mobile brick kilns with them on their travels ...
    Guidance, 06 December 2012
  • Introduction to entrance canopies
    Entrance canopies provide shelter at the main doorways to public and commercial buildings, including schools, hospitals and leisure amenities as well as offices, shops and industrial premises. At the same time, their creative use of glass, plastics or metals - polycarbonate, toughened glass, PET, tensile fabric, plastisol or steel – makes them...
    Guidance, 06 December 2012
  • Introduction to security grilles and collapsible gates
    Security grilles and collapsible gates are used primarily in retail applications to provide security to premises. They are often specified for bars, kiosks or reception desks, where there may be a risk when the area is unmanned out of working hours. They are also used in residential doorways in shared apartment buildings. Rolling grilles are a...
    Guidance, 10 December 2012
  • Introduction to retail kiosks and booths
    Retail kiosks are a popular means of pushing back against town centres and high streets losing their distinctive identity and becoming dominated by large chain retailers. They are a good way of raising the profile of independent shops, local business and market stalls. Traditional, heritage and ornate designs, and a bespoke approach to design and...
    Guidance, 06 December 2012